Pharmacy licensees and their characters that affect Good Pharmacy Practice (GPP) Compliance

Main Article Content

Piyanuch Punturungsee https://orcid.org/0009-0009-0203-5534
Chanuttha Ploylearmsang https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8158-0312

Keywords

Pharmacist, Good pharmacy practice, compliance, Modern pharmacy, Attitude

Abstract

Objective: to study the licensee’s factors that affect GPP compliance, including problems and obstacles in the improvement of pharmacies. Methods: Samples: 90 of the licensees of the modern pharmacies in Nakhon Ratchasima province did not pass the GPP evaluation. Cross-sectional analytical research with the mixed method was done with 2 parts 1) questionnaire survey to assess the attitude, perception, and perceived difficulty of the GPP based on the Theory of planned behavior (TPB). The response rate at 68.89%. 2) Focus group discussion to find the problems and obstacles in pharmacy improvement to meet the GPP requirement. Results: the licensees who were a pharmacist have more compliance with the GPP than the non-pharmacist licensees (p=0.001), and the open on daytime period pharmacies (≥8 hours/day) have more compliance with the GPP than pharmacies that are open for certain hours (p=0.001). Attitude, perception, and perceived difficulty of GPP from survey and focus group discussion could use as inputs for initiating an empowerment plan for pharmacy licensees. Conclusion: For the reasons that have more tendency to comply with the GPP than others, pharmacists should be promoted to be licensees, as well as responsible for operating the pharmacies. The pharmacy should have a pharmacist stationed 8 hours/day to provide the customers with professional standard service.

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