Pharmacy students’ knowledge and attitudes about antibiotics in Kosovo

  • Albina Fejza
  • Zeqir Kryeziu
  • Kushtrim Kadrija
  • Malbora Musa
Keywords: Students, Pharmacy, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Kosovo

Abstract

Objective: The main objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitude among Pharmacy students of the University of Prishtina in regards to the antibiotics.

Methods: 144 pharmacy students at the University of Prishtina were recruited in this study to complete a self-administered questionnaire. The total number of questions in this questionnaire was eight (8), covering two (2) major themes: self-report of the current and past antibiotic use and behavior; and anticipated prescription behavior of antibiotics upon graduation. The data was statistically analyzed through using SPSS for Windows. Descriptive analysis was employed, and the results were expressed in frequency and percentages.

Results: The results showcased a good knowledge of antibiotic among students. The most common answer of students' knowledge about antibiotics was good or moderate (82 %), while 63.2% of the subjects used antibiotics by self-decision, most of them (45 %) for sore throat. Upon graduation, 56.9 % of the students will not sell antibiotics without prescription and 85.4% think that module for rational use of antibiotics is very necessary to be inside the pharmacy syllabus.

Conclusion: The study showed good and moderate knowledge of pharmacy students regarding the antibiotics. Half of them use antibiotics by self-decision but the majority of them stated that they will not serve the antibiotics without medical prescription. Specific modules and training for proper antibiotic use should be implemented within the Pharmacy program in The Faculty of Medicine.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Igbeneghu OA. Knowledge and practices in the use of antibiotics. Int J Infect Control 2013;9(1):10539. doi: 10.3396/ijic.v9i1.10539

2. Liang M. Medical students' attitude towards antibiotics misuse in Hong Kong, Master Thesis. University of Hong Kong, 2012.

3. Togoobaatar G, Ikeda N, Ali M, Sonomjamts M, Dashdemberel S, Mori R, Shibuya K. Survey of non-prescribed use of antibiotics for children in an urban community in Mongolia. Bull World Health Organ. 2010;88(12):930-936. doi: 10.2471/BLT.10.079004

4. Ahmad A, Khan MU, Moorthy J, Jamshed SQ, Patel I. Comparison of knowledge and attitudes about antibiotics and resistance, and antibiotics self-practicing between Bachelor of Pharmacy and Doctor of Pharmacy students in Southern India. Pharm Pract (Granada). 2015;13(1):523 doi: 10.18549/PharmPract.2015.01.523

5. Satish K, Santhosh Yl, Ahamed MG, Naveen MR. Survey on knowledge towards antibiotics among the nursing students. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2011;3(2):227229.

6. Shehadeh M, Suaifan G, Darwish RM, Wazaify M, Zaru L, Alja'fari S. Knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding antibiotics use and misuse among adults in the community of Jordan. A pilot study, Saudi Pharm J. 2012;20(2):125-133. doi: 10.1016/j.jsps.2011.11.005

7. Lv B, Zhou Z, Xu G, Yang D, Wu L, Shen Q, Jiang M, Wang X, Zhao G, Yang S, Fang Y. Knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning self-medication with antibiotics among university students in western China. Trop Med Int Health. 2014;19(7):769-779. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12322

8. Fredericks I, Hollingworth S, Pudmenzky A, Rossato L, Syed S, Kairuz T. Consumer knowledge and perceptions about antibiotics and upper respiratory tract infections in a community pharmacy. Int J Clin Pharm. 2015;37(6):1213-1221. doi: 10.1007/s11096-015-0188-y

9. Norris P, Chong CE, Chou A, Hsu TH, Lee CC, Kuei-Lien Su C, Wang Y. Knowledge and reported use of antibiotics amongst school-teachers in New Zealand. Pharm Pract (Granada). 2009;7(4):238-241.

10. Ling Oh A, Hassali MA, Al-Haddad MS, Syed Sulaiman SA, Shafie AA, Awaisu A. Public knowledge and attitudes towards antibiotic usage: a cross-sectional study among the general public in the state of Penang, Malaysia. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2011;5(5):338-347.

11. Mir SA. A cross-sectional study on knowledge, attitude, and behavior related to antibiotic use among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care medical college, Kashmir. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2015;4(6):1156-1162. doi: 10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20151351

12. Huang Y, Gu J, Zhang M, Ren Z, Yang W, Chen Y, Fu Y, Chen X, Cals JW, Zhang F. Knowledge, attitude and practice of antibiotics: a questionnaire study among 2500 Chinese students, BMC Med Educ. 2013;13:163. doi: 10.1186/1472-6920-13-163

13. Raka L, Goosens H, Mulliqi G, Versporten A, Krasniqi S, Kostyanev T, Kurti A, Lammens C, Kurti A, Paasch F, Uka V, Jakupi A, Loku A, Raka D. “Capacity building to implement state of the art surveillance systems for antibiotic consumption and resistance in kosovo”: results of European Union research project in Kosovo. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2015; 4(Suppl 1): P178. 10.1186/2047-2994-4-S1-P178

14. Roque F, Soares S, Breitenfeld L, López-Durán A, Figueiras A, Herdeiro MT. Attitudes of community pharmacists to antibiotic dispensing and microbial resistance: a qualitative study in Portugal. Int J Clin Pharm. 2013;35(3):417-424. doi: 10.1007/s11096-013-9753-4.

15. Scaioli G, Gualano MR, Gili R, Masucci S, Bert F, Siliquini R. Antibiotic Use: A Cross-Sectional Survey Assessing the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices amongst Students of a School of Medicine in Italy. PLoS One. 2015;10(4):e0122476. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122476
Published
2016-03-12
How to Cite
1.
Fejza A, Kryeziu Z, Kadrija K, Musa M. Pharmacy students’ knowledge and attitudes about antibiotics in Kosovo. Pharm Pract (Granada) [Internet]. 2016Mar.12 [cited 2019Jul.17];14(1). Available from: https://pharmacypractice.org/journal/index.php/pp/article/view/715
Section
Original Research