Assessment of the decreased productivity of patients with diabetes type 2 in the Clinical Endocrynological Center Sofia, Bulgaria

  • Ognian Plaveev
  • Zlatka Dimitrova
  • Nedialka Ovcharova
  • Valentina B. Petkova
  • Mona Stefanova
  • Stela Ivanova
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Quality of Life, Sick Leave, Efficiency, Bulgaria

Abstract

This study aims to assess the influence of type 2 diabetes on the patients’ productivity and quality of life.

The WHO’s methodology – HLQ (Health and Labor Questionnaire) is applied. Subjects were 38 patients with type 2 diabetes, diagnosed and treated at the Clinical center on endocrinology at the MU-Specialized hospital center for active treatment-Sofia. Control consisted of 100 patients without diabetes.

The results from the study proofs the fact that the patients with type 2 diabetes manage with their day-to-day activities like their colleagues and even better, but they absent from work because of: their illness, experiencing fatigue and insomnia, pain in hands, legs, joints and muscles. They receive hospital treatment because of the insufficient control on their treatment and the advanced diabetes complications. The application of the Osterhaus method establishes that type 2 diabetes is connected with the excess illness-related work loss and with more often “medically related absences”. These do not lead to significant indirect productivity costs because these patients are with lower income. The cumulative costs from the sporadic work loss during their whole life are even greater, because of the increased spread of the disease, suboptimum treatment, and many complications and prolonged life duration thanks to the contemporary medicine.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Kessler, RC. World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire. Available from URL: http://www.hcp.med.harvard.edu/hpq (Accessed 9 October, 2006)

2. Burton W, Conti D. The real measure of productivity. Bus Health 1999;17(11):34-6.

3. Koopman C, Pelletier KR, Murray JF, Sharda CE, Berger ML, Turpin RS, Hackleman P, Gibson P, Holmes DM, Bendel T. Stanford presenters scale: Health status and employee productivity, J.Occup Environ Med 2002; 44(1):14-20.

4. Burton WN, Conti DJ, Chen CY, Schultz AB, Edington DW. The role of health risk factors and disease on worker productivity. J.Occup Environ Med 1999;41(10):863-77.

5. Kessler RC, Barber C, Beck A, Berglund P, Cleary PD, McKenas D, Pronk N, Simon G, Stang P, Ustun TB, Wang P. The World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire. J.Occup Environ Med 2003;45:156-74.

6. Osterhaus JT, Gutterman DL, Plachetka JR. Health care resource and lost labour costs of migraine headache in the United States of America. PharmacoEconomics 1992;2:67-76.

7. Ramsey SC, Summer KH, Leong SA, Birnbaum HG, Kemner JE, Greenberg P. Productivity and medical costs of diabetes in a large employer population. Diabetes Care 2002;25(1):23-9.
Published
2006-12-12
How to Cite
1.
Plaveev O, Dimitrova Z, Ovcharova N, Petkova VB, Stefanova M, Ivanova S. Assessment of the decreased productivity of patients with diabetes type 2 in the Clinical Endocrynological Center Sofia, Bulgaria. Pharm Pract (Granada) [Internet]. 2006Dec.12 [cited 2019Aug.21];4(4):204-7. Available from: https://pharmacypractice.org/journal/index.php/pp/article/view/276
Section
Original Research