The psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the Willingness to use telemedicine questionnaire in pharmacy students

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Susi Ari Kristina
Sofa Dewi Alfian
Ivan Surya Pradipta
Elida Zairina
Eelko Hak


Telemedicine, willingness to use, pharmacy students, psychometric, Indonesia


Backgound: The Willingness to Use Telemedicine Questionnaire (WTQ) was translated into Indonesian and cross-culturally adapted with the intention of analyzing the validity and reliability of the surveys. Our study aims to translate, cross-culturally adapt the Willingness to Use Telemedicine Questionnaire (WTQ) into the Indonesian version and analyze the questionnaires’ psychometric properties. Methods: In Yogyakarta province, 327 pharmacy students were conveniently recruited. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used to gauge internal consistency. Analyzing the results of 60 patients who were retested one week later allowed for the calculation of the test-retest reliability using the intraclass correlation coefficient. Results: Pearson’s correlation coefficient (r) was used to assess the construct validity. Additionally, an investigation of the WTQ’s exploratory factor analysis and internal consistency for subscores was done. The mean age was 21.68 ±2.43 years. The internal consistency of each item and the overall WTQ score were excellent (>0.80; ranged from 0.856 to 0.977). The test-retest reliability of all items and the WTQ’s overall score was between satisfactory and outstanding (0.856–0.977). Strong association (r = 0.923, P 0.001) existed between WTQ and WTPQ. The WTQ has high factor loading scores (0.621–0.843). Conclusion: The Indonesian WTQ is reliable and valid among university students. 

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