Strategies for inclusion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, and asexual (LGBTQIA+) education throughout pharmacy school curricula




Pharmacists, Schools, Pharmacy, Curriculum, Sexual and Gender Minorities, Bisexuality, Transgender Persons, Transsexualism, Health Services for Transgender Persons, Homosexuality, Healthcare Disparities, United States


Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, asexual, and others (LGBTQIA+) patients face stigma and barriers to health care, including a lack of health care professionals’ knowledge and confidence in treating this patient population. Pharmacists are in prime position to decrease this health disparity. United States pharmacy schools have limited LGBTQIA+ content, continuing the concern of recent graduates without knowledge and confidence. This commentary discusses potential barriers to introducing LGBTQIA+ content into school of pharmacy curricula and presents five strategies currently in use by nursing, medical, and pharmacy schools. Schools of Pharmacy should consider proactive incorporation of this content to graduate practitioners able to provide quality care to LGBTQIA+ patients.


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How to Cite

Llayton CK, Caldas LM. Strategies for inclusion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, and asexual (LGBTQIA+) education throughout pharmacy school curricula. Pharm Pract (Granada) [Internet]. 2020 Mar. 6 [cited 2021 Oct. 16];18(1):1862. Available from:



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